Sinop Port Excursion
Half day tour
Long used as a Hittite port which appears in Hittite sources as "Sinuwa", Sinop was founded as a Greek colony from the city of Miletus in the 7th century BC.
Sinope flourished as the Black Sea port of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley, issued its own money, founded colonies, and gave its name to a red arsenic sulfate mined in Cappadocia, called "Sinopic red earth" or sinople. It escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century BC, and in 183 BC it was captured by Pharnakes I and became capital of the kingdom of Pontus. Lucullus conquered Sinope for Rome in 70 BC, and Julius Caesar established a Roman colony there.
It remained with the Empire of the East or the Byzantines. It was a part of the Empire of Trebizond from the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 until the capture of the city by the Seljuk Turks of Rum in 1214. In 1301, Sinop became an independent emirate following the fall of the Seljuks. It was captured by the Ottomans in 1458.
In November 1853, at the start of the Crimean War, in the Battle of Sinop, the Russians, under the command of admiral Nakhimov, destroyed an Ottoman frigate squadron in Sinop, leading Britain and France to declare war on Russia.
Our Panoramic tour begins from the pier. We will visit Sinop City Walls as our first stop. City Walls surrounds the city for more than 10 square kilometer. Proceed to the Citadels of the city,which was built in 2000 BC by Gaskals and used by Greeks,Pontus, Byzantines, Seljuk’s and Ottomans. The Prison was built in 1214 by Seljuks. Follow to Sinop Museum which has the largest collection of the region. Sinop Museum has ethnographic icons and pieces from Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantium Period.
Reboarding the motorcoach, we take a drive to Akliman and Hamsilos Fiords as our last stop. These two fiords are wonders of the nature which you can find precious sea animals and plants, fossils and seashells.
After the last visit of the day, the tour will terminate at the pier after a short drive back.